Instead, this post recognizes the inevitability of Gutenberg and aims to provide you with a comprehensive resource on how to use the WordPress Gutenberg editor on your site so that you can continue to churn out awesome content when Gutenberg goes public.
Whether this is the first time you’re hearing about the WordPress Gutenberg editor or you’re already somewhat familiar with it, this post will help you learn how you can use the new editor to build layouts for your WordPress content.
What is Gutenberg?
In a nutshell, Gutenberg is the upcoming replacement to the WordPress TinyMCE editor (the current WYSIWYG text editor where you write your posts and pages).
While the current focus is on content creation, the eventual goal is to have Gutenberg “go beyond the post into page templates and ultimately, full site customization.”
That means eventually you’ll be able to build your whole site using Gutenberg, including landing pages and other important content.
When will Gutenberg be a part of WordPress?
Gutenberg will not officially become a part of the WordPress core until the next major release – WordPress 5.0.
Currently, WordPress 5.0 is tentatively scheduled for November 19, 2018. With that being said, the team has built in some flexibility to those dates. If testing takes longer than expected, it could be pushed until November 27, 2018. And if that’s still not enough time, the release date will be further pushed back to January 22, 2019 to avoid releasing it over the holidays.
Because Gutenberg is still technically in beta, we don’t recommend that you do this on a live site, though.
How the WordPress Gutenberg editor works
A second ago, I told you that Gutenberg is a block-based editor. It was kind of rude to leave you hanging because, if you’re like most people, you might not know what that means.
So here’s block-based editing 101:
Essentially, Gutenberg replaces the single edit field of the current WordPress TinyMCE editor with lots of individual “blocks”.
These blocks then allow you to build more complex designs than those allowed in the current WordPress editor.
So what’s a block?
Well, a block can be pretty much anything. For example, you can have blocks for:
- Regular text
- Video embeds
- Widgets (yes, those same widgets you use in your sidebar)
And what’s neat is that developers will be able to create their own third-party blocks that you can access via plugins for even more flexibility.
Each block is its own entity that you can manipulate on an individual basis. For example, here’s a quick Gutenberg post that contains three blocks:
- 2 text blocks
- 1 image block
Watch how easily I can rearrange those blocks just by dragging and dropping them:
And because each block is “separate”, you can also add things like custom backgrounds just for specific blocks.
In general, it gives you more flexibility and in-depth control.
So Gutenberg is a page builder then, right?
Ehh, not quite. At least not in its current form.
Gutenberg is going to make it a lot easier to style regular content like blog posts or standard pages, but it’s not a 1:1 substitute for page builders in its current form.
Just on a surface level, Gutenberg already lacks two essential things:
- Flexible columns, though there is a basic column block and some third-party developers have created interesteing blocks.
- True drag and drop – the newer version of Gutenberg lets you rearrange blocks with drag and drop, but it’s still not free-form like most page builders.
With that being said, Gutenberg is poised to eliminate the need for page builders for most “standard” content, and it also creates a single unified method for creating more complex post layouts in WordPress.
But when it comes to building more complex pages, like a landing page, you’re probably going to appreciate the greater flexibility offered by page builders (at least during Gutenberg’s initial release).
For example, in our comparison between Elementor vs Divi Builder vs Beaver Builder, you can see how the top page builders offer things like:
- Free-form drag and drop editing
- True multi-column support where you can create any number of columns to drag individual elements into
- Tons of premade templates
- Advanced styling options, with spots for custom margins/padding and lots more
- Responsive design settings
Gutenberg might get there someday. But at least in its initial release form, page builders will still give you the flexibility to design more complicated standalone pages.
How to install Gutenberg on your site
Ready to see how Gutenberg works?
Like I said, Gutenberg will replace the default WordPress editor in WordPress 5.0. But for now, your only option to play around with it is to install the Gutenberg plugin.
Remember, though – Gutenberg is still in beta, so we definitely do not recommend that you install it on a live website.
Here’s how to install the Gutenberg plugin … though, it’s a fairly standard process:
- Go to Plugins → Add New
- Search for “Gutenberg”
- Click Install Now
- Wait for the Install Now button to change to Activate
- Click Activate
Once you activate the plugin, your site will automatically use the Gutenberg editor when you go to Posts → Add New:
Use a Gutenberg theme for the best results
While Gutenberg is designed to work with any WordPress theme (just like the WordPress editor), choosing a theme that specifically offers Gutenberg compatibility will offer some very real benefits.
First, themes can offer built-in styling for the Gutenberg blocks. Better yet, themes can actually load these styles inside the editor. That means you can see the real styling for your blocks as you build your content for a better WYSIWYG experience (see a basic version of this in action here)
Gutenberg themes will also be able to offer pre-made templates comprised of various blocks so that all you need to do is plug your content into the existing blocks and hit Publish.
We’re now seeing some people start to release Gutenberg-ready themes. Some good options you can play around with are:
- Hestia – we added Gutenberg compatibility to our popular Hestia theme.
- Ohana theme – you’ll need to install it from Github
- Atomic Blocks – available for free from Array
Building your first layout with the WordPress Gutenberg editor
Ok – now that you have Gutenberg installed, let’s dig into the meat of this article. Below, I’ll show you how to actually use the new WordPress Gutenberg editor to build a complete page layout.
That way, you’ll be ready to hit the ground running when WordPress 5.0 drops.
A quick tour of the Gutenberg interface
Before you start adding some blocks, let’s go over a quick run-down of the elements of the main Gutenberg interface:
- (A) – lets you add new blocks.
- (B) – undo/redo buttons
- (C) – gives you access to document settings, covering things like categories & tags, featured images, etc. This is similar to the current sidebar in the WordPress editor
- (D) – when you have an individual block selected, this gives you access to settings that are specific to that block
- (E) – lets you access a live preview of your post or publish/update your post
- (F) – once you add some blocks, this is where you’ll actually work with your post’s content
Adding blocks to Gutenberg
As I discussed in the intro, you’ll use separate “blocks” to build your layouts with Gutenberg.
- Inline Elements – only contains one block for an inline image.
- Common Blocks – contains basic building blocks like images, paragraphs (regular text), headings, quotes, etc.
- Formatting – let you add more formatted content like pull quotes, tables, or the classic WordPress text editor
- Layout Elements– let you split text into two columns, include buttons, separators, or the “More” tag
- Widgets – let you add shortcodes, latest posts, or categories. It’s even possible to display sidebar widgets right in Gutenberg.
- Embeds – help you embed content from external sources like Twitter, YouTube, Facebook, Instagram, and more.
Building a basic layout with Gutenberg
Let’s start off simple. Say you just want to build a basic blog post layout that includes:
- Regular text
- An image
- A quote
- An embedded YouTube video
Here’s how you’d do it with Gutenberg:
First, you’d write your entire post in the editor. Or, if you’re like me and prefer to write in Google Docs, you can paste it all in and then Gutenberg will automatically convert it to blocks.
Adding the non-text blocks
Now that your content is split into blocks, you can hover over the spot where you want to insert your first image and click the plus icon. That will create a break. Then, click the plus icon again to insert the image block:
Optional – creating different columns
Want to get even more creative? Gutenberg now includes an experimental columns feature that lets you quickly create multiple columns. All you need to do is add the Columns (Beta) block from the Layout Elements section. Then, you can insert other blocks inside it:
How to customize individual Gutenberg blocks
Because the WordPress Gutenberg editor includes a ton of different blocks, I can’t show you how to use each individual block.
But I can give you a basic framework that applies to all blocks.
To access that tab, select the block you want to edit and browse to the Block tab:
How to rearrange individual Gutenberg blocks
To rearrange blocks, you have two options. You can use the Up or Down arrow when hovering over a block to move the block in that respective direction:
Putting it all together
Once you pick up the flow of how things work with Gutenberg, it’s fairly painless and intuitive.
At first, you might experience some growing pains and struggle to perform basic actions that you’ve taken for granted.
But once you get the hang of things – you should be cruising through building layouts. And with the more advanced blocks that Gutenberg comes with, you’ll have more flexibility than the TinyMCE WordPress Editor.
Some neat, but more advanced, Gutenberg tricks
As you become more acquainted with the WordPress Gutenberg editor, you might find some of these tricks to be time-savers.
Quick-create a new block with typing
Above, I showed you how to create blocks using the insert button. But to save time, you can actually create blocks by simply typing this syntax:
An auto suggest box will appear to help you find the relevant block.
For example, here’s how to create an image block with just your keyboard:
Pretty convenient and a big time-saver!
Edit source code directly
At any point, you can edit the source code for your entire post by clicking on the three dots in the top-right and selecting Code Editor:
Activate full-screen mode, fixed toolbar, etc.
Gutenberg includes a few different modes that let you change the editing experience. You can:
- Add a fixed toolbar like the TinyMCE editor
- Go full-screen
- Put a “spotlight” on the active block
To use these “Views”, click on the three dots icon in the top-right corner.
Use Gutenberg keyboard shortcuts to save time
Beyond standard formatting shortcuts, Gutenberg has a number of dedicated keyboard shortcuts that can help you:
- Insert new blocks above or below the selected block
- Delete a block
- Duplicate a block
To open the full list of keyboard shortcuts, use the Shift + Alt + H shortcut.
Create reusable block templates
If you have a specific collection/arrangement of blocks that you need to reuse in multiple spots, you can save a group of blocks as a reusable template. You’ll be able to name your template. Then, you can insert it just like you would a regular block.
To create your template:
- Select the blocks that you want to include
- Click the three dots icon
- Select Add to Reusable blocks
Extend Gutenberg with plugins
If you want to get fancy, you can now find plenty of Gutenberg extension plugins that add their own blocks. Stackable is a good option to get you started, and you can find lots more at WordPress.org:
What happens to all of your old content?
Before I finish things out, let me quickly cover what will happen to all of your old content once WordPress 5.0 ships.
Don’t worry – it won’t disappear! But the experience is a little bit different:
When you activate the Gutenberg Editor on a site that has existing content built with the original TinyMCE editor, Gutenberg will put all of your old content into a single Classic block. This Classic block is basically the TinyMCE editor…but embedded in Gutenberg.
To work with your old content, you can either:
- Leave it in the Classic block and edit it just like you would with the old WordPress editor
- Use the three dots icon and select Convert to Blocks. That will break everything into individual blocks. Then, you can work with your content just as if you’d originally created it with Gutenberg.
Gutenberg is the future
While Gutenberg has its detractors, it’s still coming in WordPress 5.0.
For most casual users, it will, after some growing pains, bring a more flexible content creation experience.
Non-developers will be able to intuitively craft more complex layouts with extra elements like buttons, content embeds, and lots more. And that will, hopefully, help WordPress to continue to grow.
Until WordPress 5.0 ships, you can play around with the WordPress Gutenberg editor by installing the plugin. And if you’d like to keep on top of the latest Gutenberg updates, you can follow along with the #gutenberg tag at Make WordPress Core.
Now, we’d love to hear from you. I’m sure many of you have strong thoughts on Gutenberg – so let us know about it in the comments!
Don’t forget to join our crash course on speeding up your WordPress site. With some simple fixes, you can reduce your loading time by even 50-80%: